Listing of BRIDGES Programs
a Liberal/Conservative Dialogue
with Larry Josephson


Program Number 213 2/15/99

THURGOOD MARSHALL. Guest: Juan Williams, author of a new biography of Associate Justice Thurgood Marshall. The program includes audio clips of Marshall before, and later on, the Supreme Court, plus a segment with a former Marshall law clear, Eben Moglen.

Program Number 212 2/8/99

WHAT IS A JEW? Guest: Rabbi Ismar Schorsch, Chancellor of the Jewish Theological Seminary (the locus of Conservative Judaism in America). Larry Josephson talks with Rabbi Schorsch about the so-called Jewish Continuity Program, the decline in the non- orthodox Jewish population due to the combination of a high rate of intermarriage (50%) and low birth rates.

Larry traces the history of his own Los Angeles Jewish family, from a religious grandfather to a resolutely secular father and mother, and to their son who longs for some sort of spiritual life and community, but can't quite return to the fold. A personal exploration with a wise and warm, but intellectually rigorous Rabbi.

Program Number 211 12/11/98

FRANK RICH. When Frank Rich was Drama Critic of the New York Times, he earned the sobriquet, "The Butcher of Broadway" for his slash and burn reviews. Frank Rich talks about theater, politics and political theater, including the Clinton/Lewinski melodrama.

Program Number 210 12/04/98

NANCY RAINE: THE STORY OF A RAPE. Nancy Raine was brutally raped and almost murdered thirteen years ago. Nancy's book, AFTER SILENCE: RAPE AND MY JOURNEY BACK, tells the story of her roller coaster ride back to sanity. Nancy is a poet and essayist; she tells her story with a writer's eye for telling detail, and a poet's ear for language. Nancy's husband, Steve, who played an important part in her recovery, also appears in the program. The program includes readings from the book.

Program Number 209


Program Number 208 6/26/98

What Does The Middle Class Really Think? After a lengthy survey of middle class attitudes and beliefs, sociologist Alan Wolfe makes observations about what middle class Americans really think about politics, race, welfare, homosexuality and public morality. Most surprisingly, Wolfe does not believe that America has been entrenched in a culture war. He says that the middle class people he interviewed were remarkably tolerant of different values and ways of life, with the sole exception of homosexuality.

Program Number 207 6/19/98

REBROADCAST: Forbidden Knowledge (See Program 188).

Program Number 206 6/12/98

REBROADCAST: The Legacy of the Sixties (See Program 9).

Program Number 205 6/05/98

Conspiracy Theories. Daniel Pipes, editor of the Middle East Quarterly, talks about his book on the prevalence of conspiracy theories. A majority of Americans believe that John F. Kennedy was killed as a result of a conspiracy, and since 1963 countless other conspiracy theories have acquired widespread support. Pipes explains the peculiar logic of conspiracism, and traces its roots to two main sources from the time of the crusades--anti-Semitism and the fear of secret societies.

Program Number 204 5/29/98

Pat Buchanan. The conservative commentator and sometime presidential candidate discusses his opposition to free trade and his call for a return to economic nationalism, i.e., protectionism. He also addresses the current state of conservatism and responds to the charges of anti-Semitism that have dogged him since the time of the Gulf War.

Program Number 203 5/22/98

Christopher Buckley/John Tierney. A conversation with the authors of God is My Broker, the first self-help business novel. The plot of the novel is too Byzantine to summarize here, but it describes the adventures of Brother Ty, a failed Wall Street trader who joins a monastery and learns the secrets of spiritual--and financial--growth. A very funny hour.

Program Number 202 5/15/98

REBROADCAST: The Origins of War (See Program 180).

Program Number 201 5/8/98

REBROADCAST: A Death Penalty Debate (See Program 167).

Program Number 200 5/1/98

LAWRENCE KUDLOW. The conservative economist talks about the stock market, social security, the Reagan Revolution, the global economy, and his own personal struggle with drugs that nearly cost him his life. Kudlow is a regular panelist on CNBC's "Strictly Business" and a frequent contributor to The Wall Street Journal and National Review. In contrast to some economists who predict that the domestic economy is headed for trouble, Kudlow feels that the U.S. economy is the strongest in the world, and that there is no end in sight to the current boom.

Program Number 199 4/24/98

STANLEY CROUCH. The author, jazz critic and columnist talks about race in America, Bill Clinton, Duke Ellington and the enduring power of the blues. Crouch is sometimes identified as a black conservative, but he doesn't subscribe to any ideology other than his own strong opinions. His polemical skills are such that he was once called an "equal opportunity destroyer." Artistic Consultant to Wynton Marsalis for Jazz at Lincoln Center, Crouch talks about the "blues hero," a figure of survival and endurance rooted in African-American culture but not confined to blacks.

Program Number 198 4/17/98

REBROADCAST: American Cities, Past and Present (See Program 177).

Program Number 197 4/10/98

ETHNIC CLEANSING AND AMERICAN CONSCIENCE. A writer who has traveled in some of the world's most dangerous places, Michael Ignatieff discusses his book, "The Warrior's Honor." Ignatieff examines the human rights dilemmas facing the post-Cold War world. He disagrees with the widely-held belief that ethnic conflagrations like the one in the former Yugoslavia were inevitable and based on ancient hatreds. Rather, they were the product of specific political circumstances that left certain groups feeling unsafe and threatened. Ignatieff also talks about the work of the International Committee for the Red Cross, an organization that has seen its share of controversy.

Program Number 196 4/03/98

REBROADCAST: Howard Zinn (See Program 173).

Program Number 195 3/27/98

LEON BOTSTEIN. The Musical Director of the American Symphony Orchestra, Leon Botstein is also the president of Bard College, a post he has held since 1975, when he became the youngest college president in American history at the age of 23. In his new book, "Jefferson's Children: Education and the Promise of American Culture," Botstein argues for radical education reform. Most notably, he calls for the abolition of the American high school, since teenagers are maturing earand Substance Abuse at Columbia University. Califano was top domestic aide to President Johnson, and Secretary of HEW under President Carter. Califano reconsiders the legacy of liberalism and the Great Society. His new book, "Radical Surgery," warns that spiraling health care costs have more to do with our lifestyle choices than with the administrative efficiency of the health care system.

Program Number 42 4/21/95

The Culture Wars. Has political correctness taken over the art world, the academy, and the New York Times? Guests: Hilton Kramer, editor of the New Criterion, art critic for the New York Observer, and New York Post columnist (in charge of criticizing the New York Times); and Roger Kimball, Managing Editor of the New Criterion, and author of "Tenured Radicals: How Politics Has Corrupted Our Higher Education."

Program Number 41 4/14/95

Multiculturalism: Virtue or Dictatorship? Richard Bernstein, cultural correspondent and book reviewer for the New York Times, documents the rise of "political correctness" and "multiculturalism," from Ivy League campuses to corporate boardrooms, in his new book "Dictatorship of Virtue." Bernstein is joined in debate by Stanley Katz, President of the American Council of Learned Societies. Katz charges Bernstein with creating an imaginary enemy, and using slanderous rhetoric against the progressive cause of racial, cultural and gender diversity.

Program Number 40 4/7/95

The Tofflers and the Third Wave. Alvin and Heidi Toffler are Newt's gurus, the speaker's favorite futurists. They wrote "Future Shock," "The Third Wave," and now, "Creating a New Civilization: the Politics of the Third Wave." The Third Wave refers to the information revolution, where power -- and high-paying jobs -- shift to people who make their livelihood manipulating information rather than labor and raw materials.

Program Number 39 3/31/95

What is a Liberal? (Part One). A new series of programs will investigate the meaning of this elusive term for our time, and the prospects for liberalism's future. Our first guest is Michael Lind, senior editor at Harper's Magazine and former editor of The National Interest. Lind argues that the 1994 elections presented liberalism with a unique opportunity to reclaim the virtues of its midcentury heyday: strong national defense, color-blind idealism, and reduction of class privilege.

Program Number 38 3/24/95

CPAC '95: A Gathering of the Faithful (Part Two). The conclusion of excerpts from the 1995 Conservative Political Action Conference (see program 37). This week's speakers include House Speaker Newt Gingrich; presidential hopefuls Bob Dole, Pat Buchanan, and Congressman Robert Dornan; L.A. talk show host Bruce Herschensohn; Lt. Col. Oliver North; former HUD Secretary Jack Kemp; and an amusing debate between conservative pundit Robert Novak and liberal Sam Donaldson, about alleged liberal bias in the media. Plus, a song by Chris Manion, "the Woody Guthrie of the right."

Program Number 37 3/17/95

CPAC '95: A Gathering of the Faithful (Part One). A visit to the annual Conservative Political Action Conference, held in Washington, D.C. this past February. A collage of excerpts captures the prevailing mood, the recurring themes, the rhetoric, the image of the enemy, and the idealism of this three-day conference. This week's speakers include Presidential contenders Phil Gramm and Lamar Alexander; Bill Bennett, Reagan's Education Secretary and Drug Czar; Ralph Reed, Executive Director of the Christian Coalition; William Dannemeyer, the former Republican Congressman from Orange County; Trevor Norris and Fred Bartlett of the conservative youth movement; Watergate burglar turned talk show host G. Gordon Liddy; anti-environmentalist Kathleen Marquardt; syndicated columnist Don Feder; House Majority Leader Dick Armey; and former Vice President Dan Quayle.

Program Number 36 3/10/95

Welfare: Past, Present and Future. Marvin Olasky, author of "The Tragedy of American Compassion," argues that a false view of compassion -- one which offers handouts but expects nothing in return -- has eclipsed the more successful "tough love" philanthropy of the 19th Century. Olasky calls for replacing the modern welfare state with private initiatives. Frances Fox Piven, welfare historian and professor of political science and sociology at CUNY, answers Olasky from the left.

Program Number 35 3/3/95

REBROADCAST: Mario Vargas Llosa (see program 3).

Program Number 34 2/24/95

Public Funding for the Arts and Humanities. What is the broader philosophy behind government funding for the arts and humanities? Lynn Cheney, former Chairman of the National Endowment for the Humanities, argues for the abolition of the agency she headed for six years. Eugen Weber, professor of history at UCLA, examines state funding of the arts in its historical context, from the ancient Egyptians to the Age of Newt; plus his views on the present crisis.

Program Number 33 2/17/95

Public Funding for Public Broadcasting (Part Two). Testimonials before Congress on the future of government funding for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Pro-CPB speakers include Rep. Sherwood Boehlerd (R-NY); Amb. Richard Carlson, President of CPB; Delano Lewis, President of NPR; Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA); and Jane Croots of Arkansas Public TV. Those opposed to continued federal funding for CPB include Sen. Larry Pressler, (R-SD); Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA); Sheldon Richmond of the Cato Institute; Rep. Bob Livingston (R-LA); and Reed Irvine of Accuracy in Meida, a conservative media watchdog organization. Also, clips of Speaker Newt Gingrich, Lt. Col. Oliver North, and columnist Don Feder criticizing public broadcasting at the conservative political action conference in Washington.

Program Number 32 2/10/95

George Gilder, technofuturist and author of "Life After Television: the Coming Transformation of Media and American Life." Gilder believes the coming age of computer interconnectivity will bring strengthened democracy and capitalism, plus a flowering of individual expression. Larry argues that "connectivity" leads to social disconnection between actual, as opposed to virtual, human beings.

Program Number 31 2/3/95

Paul Craig Roberts, a libertarian conservative and senior fellow at the Cato Institute. Roberts believes that the Republicans' "Contract With America" is too timid, and calls for greater reductions in government, including the privatization of social security, and the impeachment of several government officials, including attorney general Janet Reno.

Program Number 30 1/27/95

Hollywood's America (Part Two). More highlights from the "Conservative Summit" held in Los Angeles to consider Hollywood culture (see program 23). Speakers include Pat Sajak, TV Producer and writer Rob Long, actor Gerald McRaney, scriptwriter Ben Stein, Fox TV executive George Vradenberg, and William Kristol, Chairman of the Project for the Republican Future.

Program Number 29 1/20/95

Cal Thomas, the conservative columnist and radio commentator, whom Rush Limbaugh calls his friend and mentor. The jacket of Thomas' new book promises: "America's most controversial columnist debunks fuzzy- headed liberalism and reminds us of: "The Things That Matter Most."

Program Number 28 1/13/95

Myron Magnet, editor of "City Journal," a conservative quarterly. His book is called, "The Dream and the Nightmare: the Sixties' Legacy to the Underclass." Magnet argues that poverty is as much cultural as economic, and that the contemporary problems of the inner city -- crime, drugs, welfare dependency and teenage motherhood -- trickled down from a cultural revolution of the "liberal elite."

Program Number 27 1/6/95

Ralph Reed, Executive Director of the Christian Coalition, a grass-roots political advocacy group founded by conservative evangelist Pat Robertson. Reed's new book "Politically Incorrect: the Emerging Faith Factor in American Politics" argues that the religious "pro-family" movement is the new American mainstream.

Program Number 26 12/30/94

REBROADCAST: Shelby Steele (see Program 6). A repeat of one of our most moving interviews.

Program Number 25 12/23/94

The New Republicans (Part Two). A continuation of the orientationconference for freshmen Republican members of Congress, with two of the foremost conservative experts on national security issues: Jeane Kirkpatrick, former ambassador to the United Nations, and Dr. Edward Teller, a physicist known as the father of the H-Bomb, with an introduction by Jack Kemp.

Program Number 24 12/16/94

The New Republicans (Part One). An orientation session for the freshman class of Republicans in Congress, sponsored by Empower America and the Heritage Foundation. Rush Limbaugh, who is vociferously applauded for helping elect the newly-minted Congressmen and women, urges new members not to moderate their conservatism once in office, and refers to liberals as "living fossils." William Bennett, former Reagan-Bush official and author of "The Book of Virtues," gives avuncular advice to the new Congressmen.

Program Number 23 12/9/94

Hollywood's America (Part One). A National Review Institute "Conservative Summit" held in Los Angeles to consider Hollywood, television, state support of the arts, and questions like "can an artist be a conservative?" Speakers include Charlton Heston, Rush Limbaugh, Arianna Huffington, Tom Selleck, critic John Simon, film historian Tony Thomas, TV Producer Bill Blinn, and film producers Lionel Chetwynd and Edgar Scherick.

Program Number 22 12/2/94

James Q. Wilson, Professor of Management and Public Policy at UCLA, and author of several books on government, criminology, and the social sciences. His latest book, "The Moral Sense," investigates the biological origins of human morality.

Program Number 21 11/25/94

The Rights Revolution and America's Urban Poor (Part Two) How the expansion of individual rights has affected education and law enforcement (see program 4). Speakers include Reuben Greenberg, Chief of Police in Charleston, South Carolina; liberals Vivian Berger, Dean of Columbia University Law School, and Nadine Strossen, President of the ACLU; conservative Judge Harvey Wilkinson, U.S. Court of Appeals; and neoconservative scholar Irving Kristol.

Program Number 20 11/18/94

P.J. O'Rourke, conservative humorist. O'Rourke discusses his new book "All the Trouble in the World: the Lighter Side of Overpopulation, Famine, Ecological Disaster, Ethnic Hatred, Plague, and Poverty" -- and whether his politics are serious.

Program Number 19 11/11/94

An Election Post-Mortem. The long-term implications of the election results. Guests: Will Marshall, President of the Progressive Policy Institute; James Pinkerton, former Bush White House advisor, now a lecturer at George Washington University and a columnist for Newsday; and Michael Franc, Director of Congressional Relations, House of Representatives, the Heritage Foundation.

Program Number 18 11/4/94

Kevin Phillips, political analyst and forecaster. On the eve of the mid- term elections, Phillips discusses voter discontent and his new book "Arrogant Capital," a populist manifesto attacking the elites of Wall Street and Washington.

Program Number 17 10/28/94

Public Funding for Public Broadcasting (Part One). Conservatives have long claimed that public broadcasting has a "liberal bias." Should the taxpayers support it? Our panel discussion includes conservative media critic David Horowitz; Sheila Tate, former Chair of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting; Republican Congressman Dana Rohrabacher; Bill Buzenberg, Vice President of News and Information, National Public Radio; and David Othmer, Vice President of Radio and Television, WHYY, Philadelphia.

Program Number 16 10/21/94

Race, Class and I.Q. Conservative sociologist Charles Murray, branded "The Most Dangerous Conservative" by the New York Times, rejoins BRIDGES to discuss his controversial new book "The Bell Curve." The book argues that America is becoming increasingly polarized by a cognitive elite and a low-IQ, largely black underclass. Alan Wolfe, Professor of Sociology and Political Science at Boston University, argues that Murray's sentiments are inegalitarian and reactionary.

Program Number 15 10/14/94

The Reagan Revolution Revisited. Martin Anderson, Hoover Institution fellow and senior policy advisor to President Reagan, staunchly defends the Reagan legacy. Robert Kuttner, liberal economics writer and Editor of American Prospect, demurs.

Program Number 14 10/7/94

The South and Sensibility. The second in our series on the New South. Speakers include Reid Buckley, Bill's brother, on the passing of the patrician South; Kenneth Cribb, Reagan domestic policy advisor, on the Southern mind; Allen Hertzke, a Professor of Political Science at the University of Oklahoma, on the "Bible belt"; and historian Eugene Genovese on Southern politics.

Program Number 13 9/30/94

The New South: Is the South Still Rising? The first of our two-part series, from a conference in Charleston, South Carolina, sponsored by the National Review Institute. Speakers include National Review Editor John O' Sullivan on the South vs. Washington; University of Texas Law Professor Lino Graglia on Constitutional law; and historian Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, who asks, "Would Scarlett O'Hara have applied to the Citadel?"

Program Number 12 9/23/94

Has the Conservative Movement Lost Its Way? David Frum, a conservative Forbes Magazine columnist and author of "Dead Right," critiques the conservative movement for its failure to cut big government in the 80s.

Program Number 11 9/16/94

Robert Bartley, Editor of the Wall Street Journal, speaks on the economy, Bill Clinton, religion and his famous editorial "No Guardrails," which blamed the excesses of the 1960s for the social breakdown of the 1990s. Bartley has special responsibility for the editorial page, one of the country's most influential voices of conservative opinion.

Program Number 10 9/9/94

What is a Jew? Part Two of our interview with Norman Podhoretz, a discussion of American Jewish identity in the 1990s. Topics include allegiance to Israel, assimilation and anti-Semitism. Rabbi Arthur Hertzberg, Professor of the Humanities at NYU, responds.

Program Number 9 9/2/94

The Legacy of the Sixties. Part One of our interview with Norman Podhoretz, Editor-In-Chief of Commentary magazine. Podhoretz charts his evolution from leftist to neocon, and his disillusionment with the left in the 1960s. Todd Gitlin, sociology professor at UC Berkeley, gives a liberal perspective on the 60s counterculture.

Program Number 8 8/26/94

Beyond Ideology? Two political experts want their respective parties to move beyond liberal and conservative orthodoxy: Will Marshall, President of the Progressive Policy Institute, and James Pinkerton, senior fellow at the Manhattan Institute and former advisor to the Bush White House. Topics include health care, welfare reform and crime.

Program Number 7 8/19/94

New York City: A Business or a Country? New York is the fourth largest governmental entity in the U.S. Rudy Giuliani, the new Republican mayor, is eliminating some government services and privatizing others. Liberal Democrat Mark Green, NYC Public Advocate, squares off against conservative Fred Siegel of "City Journal."

Program Number 6 8/12/94

Shelby Steele, author of "The Content of Our Character: a New Vision of Race in America." Steele, though black, opposes affirmative action and argues that self-doubt, rather than racism, is the main obstacle to black advancement today.

Program Number 5 8/5/94

Francis Fukuyama, author of "The End of History and the Last Man," theorizes that liberal democracy is the end point of mankind's ideological evolution. Plus Arianna Huffington, author of "The Fourth Instinct: The Call of the Soul," a call for spiritual revival through religion, family, and volunteerism rather than government intervention.

Program Number 4 7/29/94

The Rights Revolution and America's Urban Poor (Part One). Conservatives charge that liberal courts have awarded too many individual rights to the poor, making it impossible for the state to control uncivil -- or even criminal -- behavior. Speakers: Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas, liberal Yale law professor Charles Reich, and Charles Murray, the conservative scholar.

Program Number 3 7/22/94

Mario Vargas Llosa, the novelist who ran for President of Peru. A Thatcherite on economics, he speaks on everything from Fidel Castro to free markets to Hollywood decadence and the banalization of sex.

Program Number 2 7/15/94

The Republican Future. William Kristol, Chairman of the Committee for the Republican Future, and former chief of staff to Dan Quayle, plots conservative strategy for 1996 and beyond.

Program Number 1 7/8/94

Welfare Reform and the Underclass. Charles Murray, a conservative sociologist from the American Enterprise Institute, advocates junking the welfare system; plus liberal Congresswoman Lynn Woolsey, the first former welfare mother ever elected to Congress.

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